The 'Middle East Map Collection' holds maps of the Middle East, encompasing Asia Minor, North Africa and the Horn of Africa, as well as other parts of Asia and Europe historically associated with the Middle East. The collection is strong particularly in "Holy Land" maps depicting Israel and Palestine, Egypt, Lebanon, Syria, and Jordan.

Maps in this collection are held in large part by the University of Florida's Map and Imagery Library, which provides additional information about the "Holy Land Maps".